Coeliac Disease

This is an autoimmune condition triggered by the consumption of gluten found in wheat, barley, rye and occasionally oats. Frequently there is confusion of a patient’s symptoms, sometimes leading to a diagnosis of IBS or wheat intolerance. Untreated celiac disease can lead to increased risk of osteoporosis and small bowel cancer.

Symptoms of celiac disease include:

  • Nausea
  • Bloating
  • Flatulence
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhoea
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Joint or bone pain
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Dematitis herpetiformis (a skin condition associated with coeliac disease)

Coeliac disease is diagnosed first of all with a blood test for immunoglobulin A or tissue transglutaminase amtonpdoes (tTGA). If this proves inconclusive. Endomysial antibodies may also be tested for, and later with an endoscopy and biopsy of the duodenum.

Gluten-free food including pasta, flour, biscuits, crackers and even breads and pizza bases are available on prescription.

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